Small Parts Ultrasound

What is a small parts ultrasound?

Small parts ultrasound is most frequently utilized to evaluate for possible abnormalities in the thyroid and parathyroid glands, in the scrotum and testes, in the breast, and in other superficial sites on the body. This type of ultrasound allows for visualization and characterization of abnormalities, and can also be used to guide biopsies and needle aspirations of potential abnormalities.
 

How do I prepare for this test?

There is no preparation for small parts ultrasound.
 

How is this test performed?

The patient lies on the exam table, exposing the area requiring an ultrasound. The sonographer will put a warm water-based gel on the skin, which helps transmit sound waves through the transducer. The sonographer will move the transducer over the area of interest in order to obtain ultrasound images. The test should take approximately 15-20 minutes.
 

Why is this test performed?

Thyroid and Parathyroid Ultrasound
-Evaluation of palpable neck masses, including an enlarged thyroid
-Evaluation of thyroid nodules
-Evaluation of laboratory abnormalities
-Evaluation of the presence, size, and location of the thyroid gland
-Evaluation for thyroid malignancy
-Identification and localization of parathyroid abnormalities in patients with known or suspected hyperparathyroidism
Scrotal and Testicular Ultrasound
-Evaluation of scrotal pain, including testicular trauma, torsion, and infectious or inflammatory scrotal disease
-Evaluation of scrotal asymmetry, swelling, or enlargement
-Evaluation of palpable inguinal, intrascrotal, or testicular masses
-Evaluation of potential intrascortal hernias
-Evaluation of male infertility
-Localization of nonpalpable testes
-Detection/evaluation of varicoceles
-Detection of tumors in patients with metastatic germ cell tumors
-Evaluation of a sexual development disorder
Breast Ultrasound
-Evaluation of palpable masses and other breast related signs and/or symptoms
-Evaluation of suspected or apparent abnormalities detected on other imaging studies
-Initial imaging evaluation of problems associated with breast implants
-Evaluation of breasts microcalcifications and/or architectural distortion suspicious for malignancy
-Guidance of breast biopsy and other interventional procedures
-Treatment planning for radiation therapy
-As a supplement to mammography
 

Are there risks associated with a small parts ultrasound?

There is no risk associated with small parts ultrasound.